WHAT IS THE BUFFALO?
A buffalo's habitat varies. They
live primarily on plains, prairies, river valleys
and sometimes forests. Free ranging buffalo occur
only in national parks and reserves such as Yellowstone
and Custer. While we often call these animals buffalo,
their proper name is bison. True buffalo only live
in Africa and Asia.
The American buffalo is the largest terrestrial
animal in North America. Bulls can weigh up to 2000
pounds, but are very good swimmers in spite of their
weight. A buffalo will eat anywhere from 2% to 3%
of their body weight "A DAY!!!" This means for every
1,000 pounds, 20 to 30 pounds of food is needed.
Bison can weigh up to 2,000 pounds so if you do
the math, that is over 60 pounds of food per animal
per day. Major buffalo's predator is the lion, that
preferentially attacks the small bachelor groups,
since the great herds offer a high level of protection
to their members. Hyenas prey on calves and on sick
or weak animals, and crocodiles can grab them while
fording a river.