are generally attracted to a wide range of plants,
both for cover and for food. If you wish to attract
Cardinals to your yard it is important to have a
lot of plants, vines and shrubs, such as American
Bittersweet, Raspberry, Sumac, Conifers, American
arborvitae, and Hawthorn to name just a few. They
are also very attracted to winter and fall fruits.
You should also provide water for bathing and drinking.
The addition of water will also encourage them to
start nesting in your yard. The Northern Cardinal
is a medium-sized bird, measuring approximately
22 centimeters, eight and a half inches, in length
from beak-tip to tail-tip. Males are usually a bright
red with a black mask on the face. Females tend
to be a glossy brown or olive color that is tinged
red on the tail, wings, and crest. The female lacks
the black mask donned by the male, but parts of
the face may be dark. Both sexes have distinctive
crest atop their head and a thick, pointed bill,
which begins black as a fledgling and then turns
a reddish color with age.